Heart Attack and Heart Attack Warning Signs and Symptoms

heart attack Early detection of heart attack warning signs can save your loved one from mortality or morbidity. Heart attack has been one of the leading causes of death in the United States with approximately 1.1 million cases year on year. Basically, the deaths related to heart attacks are due to late detection and the patient and his family didn't recognize the early heart attack warning signs that the patient manifested. The symptoms of heart attack and heart attack warning signs are due to a blockage somewhere along the cardiovascular line causing diminished or total lack of blood supply to the heart muscle. If unrecognized and not detected early, irreversible damage can occur to the heart muscle. Heart attack warning signs and symptoms are as follows:

  • Chest pain that lasts for more than 5 minutes and is not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin administration. The discomfort can be an uncomfortable pressure, squeezing sensation, and the feeling of fullness in the chest.
  • Mild or intense pain radiating to the arms, shoulders, neck, upper abdomen, jaw. Pain is described as burning or extreme tightness.
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Paleness
  • Tachycardia or increased heart rate
  • Dyspnea or difficulty in breathing
  • Cold sweats
  • Negative feeling of imminent doom

If these heart attack warning signs are complained by the patient, every moment counts. Most of the time, heart attack warning signs and symptoms are ignored hoping that it will just get better later on. But these heart attack warning signs and symptoms are very serious and needs prompt treatment. What to do with heart attack warning signs and symptoms? If you or someone in your family is manifesting the early heart attack warning signs, the following tips may help:

  • Call 911. Rescuers have undergone professional training on the management of heart attack and recognize these heart attack warning signs easily. They can even begin with the first aid treatment before arriving at a health care facility.
  • Take Nitrolgycerin as prescribed.
  • Take aspirin as prescribed if you are not allergic to aspirin and other salicylates.
  • Do not use your personal car on the way to the hospital, take the ambulance.

Heart attack is also known as acute myocardial infarction (MI). It is most often a result of other conditions with reduced arterial deposits due to plaques of fats, thromboses, and emboli. Plaque deposits cause reduced blood supply to the heart muscle because with narrowed arteries, less blood is accommodated. A thrombus or a clot somewhere in the blood vessels blocks blood delivery to the cardiac muscle. A clot developed somewhere in the body can travel in the circulation and settles in the blood vessels supplying the heart, this is called embolism.

With more advanced and state-of-the-art treatment modes available for heart attacks, mortality related to it have significantly decreased over the years. It is estimated that survival rates have reached 90 percent. The 1-10 percent mortality include the patients who suffered severe heart damage and those which received late treatment as the early heart attack warning signs were unrecognized.

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